Does Attitudes Towards Money Matter? A Mediational Analysis of Job Crafting and Job Satisfaction in School Teachers


  • Faiz Younas Lecturer, Institute of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Fareeha Kausar MPhil Scholar, Institute of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Vicar Solomon Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, University of Jhang, Pakistan.



Attitudes towards Money, Job Crafting, Job Satisfaction, Mediation Analysis, School Teachers


The current study aimed to find out relationship between job crafting and job satisfaction in teachers and also to determine whether a teacher's attitude towards money had a mediating role between job satisfaction and job crafting. The following hypotheses were proposed: a) job satisfaction, attitude towards money and co-variances would likely have a significant relationship b) attitude towards money would likely significantly predict job satisfaction; and c) attitude towards money would likely act as a mediator between job crafting and job satisfaction. The sample consisted of 150 school teachers (N=150) with an age range of 20 to 55 years employed via non-probability purposive sampling approach. Assessment measures included Job Crafting Questionnaire (Slemp & Vella-Brodrick, 2013), Money Attitude Questionnaire (Lay & Furnham, 2018) and Job Satisfaction Scale (Macdonald & Macintyre, 1997) with .91, .91 and .89 alpha reliability coefficient respectively. The data was collected online via Google form from the potential participants. Results revealed that the association between money attitude and job satisfaction is not correlated, however, there is a highly significant and positive relationship between job crafting and satisfaction with one's job. Job crafting exhibited a favorable and highly significant prediction of job satisfaction, however, money attitude has no significant results and so do not suggest any prediction of job satisfaction. Moreover, the link between job satisfaction and money attitude was completely mediated by the money attitude. For young adults, researchers, counselors, and educational psychologists; these indigenous results would have substantial implications for awareness, policy making, and future research endeavors.


Baker, P. M., & Hagedorn, R. B. (2008). Attitudes to money in a random sample of adults: Factor analysis of the MAS and MBBS scales, and correlations with demographic variables. The Journal of Socio-Economics, 37(5), 1803–1814. DOI:

Bakker, A. B., & Albrecht, S. (2018). Work engagement: current trends. Career Development International, 23(1), 4–11. DOI:

Bakker, A. B., Tims, M., & Derks, D. (2012). Proactive personality and job performance: The role of job crafting and work engagement. Human Relations, 65(10), 1359–1378. DOI:

Baron, R. M., & Kenny, D. A. (1986). The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51, 1173-1182. DOI:

Cheng, J. C., & Yang, Y. O. (2018). Hotel employee job crafting, burnout, and satisfaction: The moderating role of perceived organizational support. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 72, 78–85. DOI:

Chukwuedo, S. O., & Ogbuanya, C. T. (2018). Fostering Academic Major Satisfaction, Career Curiosity, and Job Search Behaviors among Electrical/Electronic Technology Education Undergraduates. Journal of Career Development, 089484531880757. DOI:

Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (1985). Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in human behavior. New York: Plenum. DOI:

Dubbelt, L., Demerouti, E., & Rispens, S. (2019). The value of job crafting for work engagement, task performance, and career satisfaction: longitudinal and quasi-experimental evidence. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 28(3), 300–314. DOI:

Hakanen, J. J., Peeters, M. C. W., & Schaufeli, W. B. (2018). Different types of employee well-being across time and their relationships with job crafting. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 23(2), 289–301. DOI:

Hu, J., & Hirsh, J. B. (2017). Accepting Lower Salaries for Meaningful Work. Frontiers in Psychology, 8. DOI:

Huo, M.-L., & Jiang, Z. (2021). Trait conscientiousness, thriving at work, career satisfaction and job satisfaction: Can supervisor support make a difference? Personality and Individual Differences, 183, 111116. DOI:

Hussain, S., & Soroya, S. H. (2017). Exploring the factors affecting job satisfaction of paraprofessional staff working in University Libraries of Pakistan. Library Review, 66(3), 144–162. DOI:

Ilies, R., & Judge, T. A. (2003). On the heritability of job satisfaction: the mediating role of personality. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88(4), 750-59. DOI:

Ingusci, E, Callea, A., Chirumbolo, A., & Urbini, F. (2016). Job crafting and job satisfaction in a sample of Italian teachers: the mediating role of Perceived Organizational Support. Electronic Journal of Applied Statistical Analysis, 9(4), 675–687.

Judge, T. A., Piccolo, R. F., Podsakoff, N. P., Shaw, J. C., & Rich, B. L. (2010). The relationship between pay and job satisfaction: A meta-analysis of the literature. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 77(2), 157–167. DOI:

Karamushka, L. M., Parshak, O. I., Kredentser, O. O., Brukhovetska, O. V., & Chausova, T. V. (2021). The role of money in employees’ life: Connection with psychological characteristics of the company staff. Studies of Applied Economics, 39(6). DOI:

Karatepe, O. M., & Eslamlou, A. (2017). Outcomes of job crafting among flight attendants. Journal of Air Transport Management, 62(C), 34–43.;h=repec:eee:jaitra:v:62:y:2017:i:c:p:34-43 DOI:

Khalafallah, A. M., Lam, S, Gami, A., Dornbos, D.L., Sivakumar, W., Johnson, J. N., & Mukherjee, D. (2020). A national survey on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic upon burnout and career satisfaction among neurosurgery residents. Journal of Clinical Neuroscience, 80, 137–142. DOI:

Khawaja, M. J. (2017). The Impact of monetary and Non-Monetary Rewards on Job Satisfaction. "A case study of Saudi bank in Qassim" (Publication No. 371217815) [Post-Graduate Research for Master’s Degree in in Business Administration, Qaasim University].

Kim, G. N., & Lee, Y. M. (2016). Towards High Performance Organization: The Impacts of Job Characteristics and Job Crafting. International Journal of U- and E- Service, Science and Technology, 9(2), 85–100. DOI:

Lay, A., & Furnham, A. (2018). A New Money Attitudes Questionnaire. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 35(6), 1–10. DOI:

Lazarova, M., Dimitrova, M., Dickmann, M., Brewster, C., & Cerdin, J.L. (2021). Career satisfaction of expatriates in humanitarian inter-governmental organizations. Journal of World Business, 56(4), 101205. DOI:

Lemrová, S., & Cakirpaloglu, S., D. (2019). Career Orientation and Life Satisfaction in Relation to Teachers’ Attitudes Towards Money. ICERI Proceedings. DOI:

Macdonald, S., & Maclntyre, P. (1997). The Generic Job Satisfaction Scale. Employee Assistance Quarterly, 13(2), 1–16. DOI:

Madigan, D. J., & Kim, L. E. (2021). Towards an understanding of teacher attrition: A meta-analysis of burnout, job satisfaction, and teachers’ intentions to quit. Teaching and Teacher Education, 105, 103425. DOI:

Maharjan, R. (2019). Job Satisfaction, Gender and Salary: A Study on Correlation. The Batuk, 5(1), 59–69. DOI:

Ogedengbe, E., Adelekun, T., Eyengho, T., Ogunley, S., & Bankole, K. (2018). The influence of gender on job satisfaction of teachers in Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria. Bulgarian Journal of Science and Education Policy, 12(1), 48-59.

Polatci, S., & Sobaci, F. (2020). The Effect of Job Crafting on Job Satisfaction: A Research on Teachers. Journal of Global Strategic Management, 12(1), 49–56. DOI:

Raza, A., & Khan, M. S. (2019). Impact of Pay on Job Satisfaction in Business Organizations Impact of Pay on Job Satisfaction in Business Organizations. Mediterranean Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences (MJBAS) (Peer Reviewed International Journal), 3(3), 69–74.

Rivera, M., Shapoval, V., & Medeiros, M. (2021). The relationship between career adaptability, hope, resilience, and life satisfaction for hospitality students in times of Covid-19. Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport & Tourism Education, 100344. DOI:

Sahito, Z., & Vaisanen, P. (2017). Effect of ICT Skills on the Job Satisfaction of Teacher Educators: Evidence from the Universities of the Sindh Province of Pakistan. International Journal of Higher Education, 6(4), 122. DOI:

Shrestha, M. (2019). Influence of Age group on Job Satisfaction in Academia. SEISENSE Journal of Management, 2(3), 30–41. DOI:

Slemp, G.R.; Vella-Brodrick, D.A. (2013). The Job Crafting Questionnaire: A new scale to measure the extent to which employees engage in job crafting. International Journal of Wellbeing, 3, 126–146. DOI:

Tims, M., & Bakker, A. B. (2010). Job crafting: Towards a new model of individual job redesign. South African Journal of Industrial Psychology, 36(2). DOI:

Wrzesniewski, A., & Dutton, J. E. (2001). Crafting a Job: Revisioning Employees as Active Crafters of Their Work. The Academy of Management Review, 26(2), 179–201. DOI:




How to Cite

Younas, F. ., Kausar, F., & Solomon, V. (2023). Does Attitudes Towards Money Matter? A Mediational Analysis of Job Crafting and Job Satisfaction in School Teachers. Journal of Professional & Applied Psychology, 4(2), 129–139.