Does Attitudes Towards Money Matter? A Mediational Analysis of Job Crafting and Job Satisfaction in School Teachers
Keywords:Attitudes towards Money, Job Crafting, Job Satisfaction, Mediation Analysis, School Teachers
The current study aimed to find out relationship between job crafting and job satisfaction in teachers and also to determine whether a teacher's attitude towards money had a mediating role between job satisfaction and job crafting. The following hypotheses were proposed: a) job satisfaction, attitude towards money and co-variances would likely have a significant relationship b) attitude towards money would likely significantly predict job satisfaction; and c) attitude towards money would likely act as a mediator between job crafting and job satisfaction. The sample consisted of 150 school teachers (N=150) with an age range of 20 to 55 years employed via non-probability purposive sampling approach. Assessment measures included Job Crafting Questionnaire (Slemp & Vella-Brodrick, 2013), Money Attitude Questionnaire (Lay & Furnham, 2018) and Job Satisfaction Scale (Macdonald & Macintyre, 1997) with .91, .91 and .89 alpha reliability coefficient respectively. The data was collected online via Google form from the potential participants. Results revealed that the association between money attitude and job satisfaction is not correlated, however, there is a highly significant and positive relationship between job crafting and satisfaction with one's job. Job crafting exhibited a favorable and highly significant prediction of job satisfaction, however, money attitude has no significant results and so do not suggest any prediction of job satisfaction. Moreover, the link between job satisfaction and money attitude was completely mediated by the money attitude. For young adults, researchers, counselors, and educational psychologists; these indigenous results would have substantial implications for awareness, policy making, and future research endeavors.
Baker, P. M., & Hagedorn, R. B. (2008). Attitudes to money in a random sample of adults: Factor analysis of the MAS and MBBS scales, and correlations with demographic variables. The Journal of Socio-Economics, 37(5), 1803–1814. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socec.2008.02.004 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socec.2008.02.004
Bakker, A. B., & Albrecht, S. (2018). Work engagement: current trends. Career Development International, 23(1), 4–11. https://doi.org/10.1108/cdi-11-2017-0207 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/CDI-11-2017-0207
Bakker, A. B., Tims, M., & Derks, D. (2012). Proactive personality and job performance: The role of job crafting and work engagement. Human Relations, 65(10), 1359–1378. https://doi.org/10.1177/0018726712453471 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0018726712453471
Baron, R. M., & Kenny, D. A. (1986). The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51, 1173-1182. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-35184.108.40.2063
Cheng, J. C., & Yang, Y. O. (2018). Hotel employee job crafting, burnout, and satisfaction: The moderating role of perceived organizational support. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 72, 78–85. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhm.2018.01.005 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhm.2018.01.005
Chukwuedo, S. O., & Ogbuanya, C. T. (2018). Fostering Academic Major Satisfaction, Career Curiosity, and Job Search Behaviors among Electrical/Electronic Technology Education Undergraduates. Journal of Career Development, 089484531880757. https://doi.org/10.1177/0894845318807570 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0894845318807570
Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (1985). Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in human behavior. New York: Plenum. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4899-2271-7
Dubbelt, L., Demerouti, E., & Rispens, S. (2019). The value of job crafting for work engagement, task performance, and career satisfaction: longitudinal and quasi-experimental evidence. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 28(3), 300–314. https://doi.org/10.1080/1359432x.2019.1576632 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/1359432X.2019.1576632
Hakanen, J. J., Peeters, M. C. W., & Schaufeli, W. B. (2018). Different types of employee well-being across time and their relationships with job crafting. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 23(2), 289–301. https://doi.org/10.1037/ocp0000081 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1037/ocp0000081
Huo, M.-L., & Jiang, Z. (2021). Trait conscientiousness, thriving at work, career satisfaction and job satisfaction: Can supervisor support make a difference? Personality and Individual Differences, 183, 111116. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2021.111116 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2021.111116
Hussain, S., & Soroya, S. H. (2017). Exploring the factors affecting job satisfaction of paraprofessional staff working in University Libraries of Pakistan. Library Review, 66(3), 144–162. https://doi.org/10.1108/lr-09-2016-0074 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/LR-09-2016-0074
Ilies, R., & Judge, T. A. (2003). On the heritability of job satisfaction: the mediating role of personality. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88(4), 750-59. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.88.4.750
Ingusci, E, Callea, A., Chirumbolo, A., & Urbini, F. (2016). Job crafting and job satisfaction in a sample of Italian teachers: the mediating role of Perceived Organizational Support. Electronic Journal of Applied Statistical Analysis, 9(4), 675–687. https://doi.org/10.1285/i20705948v9n4p675
Judge, T. A., Piccolo, R. F., Podsakoff, N. P., Shaw, J. C., & Rich, B. L. (2010). The relationship between pay and job satisfaction: A meta-analysis of the literature. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 77(2), 157–167. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2010.04.002 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2010.04.002
Karamushka, L. M., Parshak, O. I., Kredentser, O. O., Brukhovetska, O. V., & Chausova, T. V. (2021). The role of money in employees’ life: Connection with psychological characteristics of the company staff. Studies of Applied Economics, 39(6). https://doi.org/10.25115/eea.v39i6.5084 DOI: https://doi.org/10.25115/eea.v39i6.5084
Karatepe, O. M., & Eslamlou, A. (2017). Outcomes of job crafting among flight attendants. Journal of Air Transport Management, 62(C), 34–43. https://econpapers.repec.org/scripts/redir.pf?u=https%3A%2F%2Fdoi.org%2F10.1016%252Fj.jairtraman.2017.02.005;h=repec:eee:jaitra:v:62:y:2017:i:c:p:34-43 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jairtraman.2017.02.005
Khalafallah, A. M., Lam, S, Gami, A., Dornbos, D.L., Sivakumar, W., Johnson, J. N., & Mukherjee, D. (2020). A national survey on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic upon burnout and career satisfaction among neurosurgery residents. Journal of Clinical Neuroscience, 80, 137–142. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jocn.2020.08.012
Khawaja, M. J. (2017). The Impact of monetary and Non-Monetary Rewards on Job Satisfaction. "A case study of Saudi bank in Qassim" (Publication No. 371217815) [Post-Graduate Research for Master’s Degree in in Business Administration, Qaasim University].
Kim, G. N., & Lee, Y. M. (2016). Towards High Performance Organization: The Impacts of Job Characteristics and Job Crafting. International Journal of U- and E- Service, Science and Technology, 9(2), 85–100. https://doi.org/10.14257/ijunesst.2016.9.2.10 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14257/ijunesst.2016.9.2.10
Lay, A., & Furnham, A. (2018). A New Money Attitudes Questionnaire. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 35(6), 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1027/1015-5759/a000474 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1027/1015-5759/a000474
Lazarova, M., Dimitrova, M., Dickmann, M., Brewster, C., & Cerdin, J.L. (2021). Career satisfaction of expatriates in humanitarian inter-governmental organizations. Journal of World Business, 56(4), 101205. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jwb.2021.101205 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jwb.2021.101205
Lemrová, S., & Cakirpaloglu, S., D. (2019). Career Orientation and Life Satisfaction in Relation to Teachers’ Attitudes Towards Money. ICERI Proceedings. https://doi.org/10.21125/Iceri.2019.0583 DOI: https://doi.org/10.21125/iceri.2019.0583
Madigan, D. J., & Kim, L. E. (2021). Towards an understanding of teacher attrition: A meta-analysis of burnout, job satisfaction, and teachers’ intentions to quit. Teaching and Teacher Education, 105, 103425. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2021.103425 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2021.103425
Ogedengbe, E., Adelekun, T., Eyengho, T., Ogunley, S., & Bankole, K. (2018). The influence of gender on job satisfaction of teachers in Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria. Bulgarian Journal of Science and Education Policy, 12(1), 48-59.
Polatci, S., & Sobaci, F. (2020). The Effect of Job Crafting on Job Satisfaction: A Research on Teachers. Journal of Global Strategic Management, 12(1), 49–56. https://doi.org/10.20460/jgsm.2018.260 DOI: https://doi.org/10.20460/JGSM.2018.260
Raza, A., & Khan, M. S. (2019). Impact of Pay on Job Satisfaction in Business Organizations Impact of Pay on Job Satisfaction in Business Organizations. Mediterranean Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences (MJBAS) (Peer Reviewed International Journal), 3(3), 69–74.
Rivera, M., Shapoval, V., & Medeiros, M. (2021). The relationship between career adaptability, hope, resilience, and life satisfaction for hospitality students in times of Covid-19. Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport & Tourism Education, 100344. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhlste.2021.100344 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhlste.2021.100344
Sahito, Z., & Vaisanen, P. (2017). Effect of ICT Skills on the Job Satisfaction of Teacher Educators: Evidence from the Universities of the Sindh Province of Pakistan. International Journal of Higher Education, 6(4), 122. https://doi.org/10.5430/ijhe.v6n4p122 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5430/ijhe.v6n4p122
Shrestha, M. (2019). Influence of Age group on Job Satisfaction in Academia. SEISENSE Journal of Management, 2(3), 30–41. https://doi.org/10.33215/sjom.v2i3.141 DOI: https://doi.org/10.33215/sjom.v2i3.141
Slemp, G.R.; Vella-Brodrick, D.A. (2013). The Job Crafting Questionnaire: A new scale to measure the extent to which employees engage in job crafting. International Journal of Wellbeing, 3, 126–146. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1037/t74913-000
Tims, M., & Bakker, A. B. (2010). Job crafting: Towards a new model of individual job redesign. South African Journal of Industrial Psychology, 36(2). https://doi.org/10.4102/sajip.v36i2.841 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajip.v36i2.841
Wrzesniewski, A., & Dutton, J. E. (2001). Crafting a Job: Revisioning Employees as Active Crafters of Their Work. The Academy of Management Review, 26(2), 179–201. https://doi.org/10.2307/259118 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5465/amr.2001.4378011
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Faiz Younas, Fareeha Kausar, Vicar Solomon
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) License: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial 4.0 International License (https://www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits non-Commercial use, reproduction
and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the Journal website at (https://iprpk.com/ojs/index.php/jpap)