Lived Experiences of Adults about Religious Orientation and Spirituality


  • Rehana Mushtaq Assistant Professor, Department of Clinical Psychology, School of Professional Psychology, University of Management & Technology, Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Sayeda Salma Hasan Professor, Department of Psychology, Government College University, Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Rabia Khadim Lecturer, Department of Clinical Psychology, School of Professional Psychology, University of Management & Technology, Lahore, Pakistan.



Middle Aged Adults, Religious Orientation, Spirituality, Young Adults


The current research aimed to explore the experiences of young and middle-aged adults having internal religious orientation and high spirituality. The purposive sample consists of 8 participants with a distribution of 4 young and 4 middle-aged adults. These 8 participants were drawn from a total sample of 20 participants, based on their high scores on a religious orientation scale, the spirituality wellness test. A semi-structured interview was designed, consisting of 23 questions based on previous literature. Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) was used to analyze the data. The results of the study indicated that young adults who have internal religiousness and a high level of spirituality reported that humans suffer for their deeds. This research has wide implications in the field of positive psychology and the psychology of religion.


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How to Cite

Mushtaq , R. ., Hasan, S. S., & Khadim, R. (2023). Lived Experiences of Adults about Religious Orientation and Spirituality. Journal of Professional & Applied Psychology, 4(2), 266–280.



Qualitative & Mixed Method Articles