Predictors of Medication Adherence among Patients with Bipolar I Disorder


  • Rameen Babar MS Scholar, Department of Psychology, Forman Christian College (A Chartered University), Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Shaista Jabeen Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Forman Christian College (A Chartered University), Lahore, Pakistan.



Awareness Campaign, Bipolar I Disorder, Internalized Stigmatization, Medication Adherence, Perceived Social Support


The present study aimed to determine predictors of medication adherence among patients diagnosed with Bipolar I Disorder (BP-I). Another aim was to estimate differences with different marital status  in perceived social support, internalized stigmatization and medication adherence. Correlational research design was used and a sample of 103 participants was gathered using purposive sampling method. Data was collected by administering Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS), Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness (ISMI), and General Medication Adherence Scale (GMAS). Results illustrated perceived social support (R2 = .46, F (3, 99) = 28.52, p<0.001) and internalized stigmatization R2 = .49, F (8, 94) = 11.40, p<0.001) to be significant predictors of medication adherence. Furthermore, it was found that married individuals with bipolar I disorder received more support [F (1, 101) = 4.08, p = .04] and were more adherent to medication [F (1, 101) = 6.35, p = .01] as compared to single individuals with bipolar I disorder. However, no significant difference was found between married and single patients in their experience of internalized stigmatization.  Present study highlights the need for awareness campaign where individuals are informed regarding the importance of their support and also the need for educational workshops for skill building in patients with Bipolar I disorder.


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How to Cite

Babar, R., & Jabeen, S. (2023). Predictors of Medication Adherence among Patients with Bipolar I Disorder . Journal of Professional & Applied Psychology, 4(2), 213–225.