Development of the Forman Parkinson’s Disease Symptom Checklist


  • Bushra Akram Student Counselor, Lahore University of Management Sciences (LUMS), Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Ivan Suneel Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Forman Christian College (A Chartered University), Lahore, Pakistan.



Parkinson’s Disease (PD), Factor Analysis, Direct Oblimin, Psychometric Properties


Parkinson’s disease (PD) is defined as a neurodegenerative disease which progresses slowly and adversely impacts the quality of life; although this disease is not fatal, however, it is quite debilitating not only for the patients but for the caregivers too (DeMaagd & Philip, 2015; Golbe et al., 2012). Approximately, there are above 600,000 individuals suffering from PD; number of cases remains undiagnosed because of lack of awareness in far flung areas and unavailability of culturally appropriate measuring tool (Mansoor, 2017). Considering the aforementioned, this research was conducted to develop culturally validated assessment tool on Parkinson’s disease (PD). Moreover, the method section constituted of five steps (Zhou, 2019) which includes the detail of item generation, rating of the list by professionals and entering data in SPSS. Purposive sampling was done for the main study constituted of 100 patients suffering from PD (87% males and 13% females) between ages of 20-80 (M=20, SD=14.04). The factor analysis showed two factor solution through principal component analysis with rotation Direct Oblimin. The two factors were named as motor symptoms and non-motor symptoms respectively and had adequate psychometric properties.


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How to Cite

Akram, B., & Suneel , I. . (2022). Development of the Forman Parkinson’s Disease Symptom Checklist. Journal of Professional & Applied Psychology, 3(3), 356–370.