Personal Growth and Psychological Well-Being of Dementia Caregivers


  • Aisha Ateeq Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Forman Christian College (A Chartered University), Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Zainab Attique BS (Hons) Scholar, Department of Psychology, Forman Christian College (A Chartered University), Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Noor ul Huda Lecturer, Department of Psychology, Forman Christian College (A Chartered University), Lahore, Pakistan.



Caregiver, Dementia, Personal Growth, Psychological Well-being, Support


Dementia is a neurological condition that impacts mental processes such as reasoning or the ability to think. Caregiving for such individuals is a strenuous process that leads to both positive and negative changes in the caregiver’s life. Thus, the purpose of this research was to investigate the correlation between the personal growth and psychological well-being of caregivers. With the aid of pre-existing literature, two hypotheses were formed: (i) there is a positive correlation between personal growth and psychological well-being of a dementia caregiver, (ii) having significant social support positively correlates with improved personal growth and psychological well-being of the caregiver. Using convenient sampling, a sample of 102 participants from Pakistan above the age of 18 was selected, and two scales were administered to the participants. The first scale was ‘the role of caregivers' skills in caregivers' syndrome and caregivers' burden’, which assessed the extent of changes in psychological well-being and personal growth that the severity of dementia within patients had on the patient’s caregiver.  The second was the ‘Caregiver Appraisal Scale’ which measured the caregiver’s burden, satisfaction, mastery, demands and the impact experienced by them. No deception was involved, and confidentiality of participants was maintained. Their participation was completely voluntary and their rights as research participants were protected at all times. Results were analyzed using the correlation coefficient. No significant correlation was found for either of the hypotheses. This research aimed to create awareness regarding the significance of being a caregiver and what it entails.


Aftab, H., Iman, Q., & Eman, S. (2021). Informal dementia caregivers in Pakistan and Chile: A cross-cultural study of caregiver syndrome (31) [Unpublished Bachelor's thesis, Lahore College for Women University]. Research Projects.

Al-Rawashdeh, S. Y., Lennie, T. A., & Chung, M. L. (2016). Psychometrics of the Zarit Burden Interview in caregivers of patients with heart failure. The Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 31(6), E21.

Ayub, N., & Iqbal, S. (2012). The relationship of personal growth initiative, psychological well-being, and psychological distress among adolescents. Journal of Teaching and Education, 1(6), 101-107.

Balouch, S., Zaidi, A., Farina, N., & Willis, R. (2021). Dementia awareness, beliefs and barriers among family caregivers in Pakistan. Dementia, 20(3), 899-918.

Campbell, P., Wright, J., Oyebode, J., Job, D., Crome, P., Bentham, P., Jones, L., & Lendon, C. (2008). Determinants of burden in those who care for someone with dementia. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry: A Journal of the Psychiatry of Late Life and Allied Sciences, 23(10), 1078-1085.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2019). About Dementia.,a%20part%20of%20normal%20aging

Choo, W. Y., Low, W. Y., Karina, R., Poi, P. J. H., Ebenezer, E., & Prince, M. J. (2003). Social support and burden among caregivers of patients with dementia in Malaysia. Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health, 15(1), 23-29.

Frias, C. E., Cabrera, E., & Zabalegui, A. (2020). Informal caregivers’ roles in dementia: the impact on their quality of life. Life, 10(11), 251.

Jpanayotov. (2020). 5 Duties of a Dementia Caregiver. Assisting Hands Home Care.

Kim, B., Kim, J. I., Na, H. R., Lee, K. S., Chae, K. H., & Kim, S. (2021). Factors influencing caregiver burden by dementia severity based on an online database from Seoul dementia management project in Korea. BMC Geriatrics, 21(1), 1-9.

Lai, C. K. (2014). The merits and problems of Neuropsychiatric Inventory as an assessment tool in people with dementia and other neurological disorders. Clinical Interventions in Aging, 9, 1051.

Lawton, M.P., Moss, M., Hoffman, C., & Perkinson, M. (2000). Caregiving Appraisal Scale. Polisher

Research Institute: Madlyn and Leonard Abramson Center for Jewish Life.

Lloyd, J., Patterson, T., & Muers, J. (2016). The positive aspects of caregiving in dementia: A critical review of the qualitative literature. Dementia, 15(6), 1534-1561.

Musa, G., Henríquez, F., Muñoz-Neira, C., Delgado, C., Lillo, P., & Slachevsky, A. (2017). Utility of the Neuropsychiatric Inventory Questionnaire (NPI-Q) in the assessment of a sample of patients with Alzheimer's disease in Chile. Dementia & Neuropsychologia, 11, 129-136.

Pearlin, L. I., Mullan, J. T., Semple, S. J., & Skaff, M. M. (1990). Caregiving and the stress process: An overview of concepts and their measures. The Gerontologist, 30(5), 583-594.

Poulshock, S. W., & Deimling, G. T. (1984). Families caring for elders in residence: Issues in the measurement of burden. Journal of Gerontology, 39(2), 230-239.

Rodriguez, N., Flores, R. T., London, E. F., Bingham Mira, C., Myers, H. F., Arroyo, D., & Rangel, A. (2019). A test of the main-effects, stress-buffering, stress-exacerbation, and joint-effects models among Mexican-origin adults. Journal of Latinx Psychology, 7(3), 212.

Ruisoto, P., Contador, I., Fernández-Calvo, B., Serra, L., Jenaro, C., Flores, N., Ramos, F., & Rivera-Navarro, J. (2020). Mediating effect of social support on the relationship between resilience and burden in caregivers of people with dementia. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 86, 103952.

Sharma, H. L., & Rani, R. (2014). Impact of mental health on Personal Growth Initiative (PGI) among university postgraduates. New Science, 4(3), 125-135.

Sun, X., Ge, J., Meng, H., Chen, Z., & Liu, D. (2019). The influence of social support and care burden on depression among caregivers of patients with severe mental illness in rural areas of Sichuan, China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(11), 1961.

Thomas, P. A. (2009). Is it better to give or to receive? Social support and the wellbeing of older adults. Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 65(3), 351-357. doi:10.1093/geronb/gbp113

Zhong, Y., Wang, J., & Nicholas, S. (2020). Social support and depressive symptoms among family caregivers of older people with disabilities in four provinces of urban China: the mediating role of caregiver burden. BMC Geriatrics, 20(1), 1-10.




How to Cite

Ateeq, A. ., Attique , Z. ., & Huda, N. ul. (2024). Personal Growth and Psychological Well-Being of Dementia Caregivers. Journal of Professional & Applied Psychology, 5(1), 59–67.