Demographic Predictors of Conflict Resolution Styles Among Pakistani Adults


  • Mehwish Jabeen Clinical Psychologist, School of Professional Psychology, University of Management & Technology, Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Mafia Shahzadi PhD Scholar, Department of Applied Psychology, School of Professional Psychology, University of Management & Technology, Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Zobia Amin Clinical Psychologist, Rak Hospital, Ras Al Khaima, United Arab Emirates.



Age, Communication, Conflict Management, Conflict Resolution Styles, Cooperation, Cultural Context, Demographic Factors, Educational Level, Employment Status, Gender


This research explores the intricate interplay between demographic factors and conflict resolution styles seeking to unravel how age, gender, educational level, and employment status influence individuals' approaches to conflict management. A cross-sectional design was employed to analyze data collected from 366 participants in diverse cities across Pakistan. Correlation and regression analyses revealed significant associations between demographic variables and conflict resolution styles. Age exhibited a positive correlation with Collaborating (r = 0.43, p < 0.001) and a negative correlation with Avoiding (r = -0.19, p < 0.01), highlighting generational differences in preferences. Females displayed a mild negative correlation with Collaborating (r = -0.19, p < 0.01) and Compromising (r = -0.12, p < 0.05). Multiple linear regression indicated that age positively predicted Collaborating (? = 0.20, p = 0.001), while gender negatively predicted Compromising (? = -0.11, p = 0.03). Educational level and employment status displayed mixed relationships with conflict resolution styles. These findings underscore the complex interplay between demographic factors and conflict resolution preferences, offering insights for tailored interventions and training programs to foster effective communication and cooperation. While this study contributes to the understanding of conflict resolution dynamics, future research should consider longitudinal designs and broader cultural contexts to enhance the generalizability of findings.


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How to Cite

Jabeen, M., Shahzadi, M., & Amin, Z. (2023). Demographic Predictors of Conflict Resolution Styles Among Pakistani Adults. Journal of Professional & Applied Psychology, 4(4), 568–578.