Role of Smart Phone Addiction, Fear of Missing Out on Perceived Competence among Secondary and Intermediate Students
Keywords:Fear of Missing Out, Perceived Competence, Smart Phone Addiction
The main goal of the study was to investigate the effects of SPA (smart-phone-addiction), FOMO (fear-of-missing-out) on PC (perceived competence) among secondary and intermediate students. The sample was comprised of 200 students from Multan's secondary and intermediate levels, their age range was 15 to 18 years old. The purposive sampling technique was used. The measure of smart phone addiction by Kwon et al. (2013) consisted of 10 items, Przybyiski et al. (2013) 10 items FOMO intervention, Ozer et al. (2016) PC (perceived-competence) scale consisting of 40 items were employed. Results indicated that smart phone addiction positively correlated with Fear-of-Missing-Out and had a negative relation with Fear-of-Missing-Out & PC (perceived competence). SPA (Smart-phone-addiction) has a significant impact on the fear of missing out. Smart-phone-addiction has an insignificant impact on perceived competence of cognitive, social and physical subscales through mediating effect of fear of missing out. Smartphone addiction has a significant impact on perceived competence of general self-worth and learning through mediation of fear-of-missing-out.
Abo-Jedi, A. (2008). Cell phone addiction and its relation to self-closure in a sample of Jordanian university and Amman private university students. The Jordanian Journal for Educational Sciences, 4(2), 137-150.
Alt, D. (2015). College students’ academic motivation, media engagement and fear of missing out. Computers in Human Behavior, 49, 111-119. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2015.02.057
Attamimi, A. (2011). The reasons for the prevalence of BlackBerry cell phones and the resulting educational effects from the perspective of secondary school students in Abo-Dhabi. In A paper presented at the conference on the negative effects of cell phones on secondary school students, UAE (pp. 105e130) (In Arabic).
Barry, C. T., Sidoti, C. L., Briggs, S. M., Reiter, S. R., & Lindsey, R. A. (2017). Adolescent social media use and mental health from adolescent and parent perspectives. Journal of Adolescence, 61, 1-11. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2017.08.005
Beyens, I., Frison, E., & Eggermont, S. (2016). “I don’t want to miss a thing”: Adolescents’ fear of missing out and its relationship to adolescents’ social needs, Facebook use, and Facebook related stress. Computers in Human Behavior, 64, 1-8. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2016.05.083
Elhai, J. D., Levine, J. C., Dvorak, R. D., & Hall, B. J. (2016). Fear of missing out, need for touch, anxiety and depression are related to problematic smartphone use. Computers in Human Behavior, 63, 509-516. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2016.05.079
Entwistle, N. J., & Peterson, E. R. (2004). Conceptions of learning and knowledge in higher education: Relationships with study behavior and influences of learning environments. International Journal of Educational Research, 41(6), 407-428. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijer.2005.08.009
Faul, F., Erdfelder, E., Lang, A. G., & Buchner, A. (2007). G* Power 3: A flexible statistical power analysis program for the social, behavioral, and biomedical sciences. Behavior Research Methods, 39(2), 175-191. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3758/BF03193146
Guo, N., Wang, M. P., Luk, T. T., Ho, S. Y., Fong, D. Y. T., Chan, S. S., & Lam, T. H. (2019). The association of problematic smartphone use with family well-being mediated by family communication in Chinese adults: A population-based study. Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 8(3), 412–419. https://doi.org/10.1556/2006.8.2019.39 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1556/2006.8.2019.39
Johan, F., Martin, V., & Yonghong, C. (2009). Academic self-efficacy and academic self- concept: reconsidering structural relationships. Learning and Individual Differences, 19, 499–505. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2009.05.004
Kuss, D. J., & Griffiths, M. D. (2017). Social networking sites and addiction: Ten lessons learned. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 14(3), 311. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14030311
Kwon, M., Lee, J. Y., Won, W. Y., Park, J. W., Min, J. A., Hahn, C., Gu, X., Choi, J-H., & Kim, D. J. (2013). Development and validation of a smartphone addiction scale (SAS). PloS One, 8(2), e56936. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0056936
Lee, J., Cho, B., Kim, Y., & Noh, J. (2015). Smartphone addiction in university students and its implication for learning. In Emerging issues in smart learning (pp. 297-305). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-44188-6_40
Masur, P. K., Reinecke, L., Ziegele, M., & Quiring, O. (2014). The interplay of intrinsic need satisfaction and Facebook specific motives in explaining addictive behavior on Facebook. Computers in Human Behavior, 39, 376-386. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2014.05.047
Maguire, S., Spielhofer, T., & Golden, S. (2012). Earning not learning? An assessment of young people in the jobs without training (JWT) group. Sociological Research Online, 17(3), 247-255. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5153/sro.2517
Mróz, A., & Solecki, R. (2017). Parents' attitudes towards teenagers' activity on the Internet in the perception of students. E-mentor, 4 (71), 19-24. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15219/em71.1316
Özer, A., Genctanirim Kurt, D., Kizilda?, S., Demirtas Zorbaz, S., Arici Sahin, F., Acar, T., & Ergene, T. (2016). Developing perceived competence scale (PCS) for adolescents. Journal of Measurement and Evaluation in Education and Psychology, 7(1), 237-250. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21031/epod.17205
Panova T, Carbonell X (2018). Is smartphone addiction really an addiction? Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 7(2), 252–9. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1556/2006.7.2018.49
Przybylski, A. K., Murayama, K., DeHaan, C. R., & Gladwell, V. (2013). Motivational, emotional, and behavioral correlates of fear of missing out. Computers in Human Behavior, 29(4), 1841-1848. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2013.02.014
Satici, B., Saricali, M., Satici, S. A., & Çapan, B. E. (2014). Social competence and psychological vulnerability as predictors of Facebook addiction. Studia Psychologica, 56(4), 301–308. https://doi.org/10.21909/sp.2014.04.738 DOI: https://doi.org/10.21909/sp.2014.04.738
Tafarodi, R. W., & Swann Jr, W. B. (2001). Two-dimensional self-esteem: Theory and measurement. Personality and Individual Differences, 31(5), 653-673. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0191-8869(00)00169-0
Tunc-Aksan, A., & Akbay, S. E. (2019). Smartphone Addiction, Fear of Missing Out, and Perceived Competence as Predictors of Social Media Addiction of Adolescents. European Journal of Educational Research, 8(2), 559-566. DOI: https://doi.org/10.12973/eu-jer.8.2.559
Vermunt, J. D., & Vermetten, Y. J. (2004). Patterns in student learning: Relationships between learning strategies, conceptions of learning, and learning orientations. Educational Psychology Review, 16(4), 359-384. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10648-004-0005-y
Walsh, S., White, K., & Young, R. (2007). Over-connected? Qualitative exploration of the relationship between Australian youth and their mobile phones. Adolescence Journal, 15, 122e135.
Wireko, J. K. (2019). Internet Addiction and Fear of Missing Out: The Gender Difference of Tertiary Students in Ghana. In Internet and Technology Addiction: Breakthroughs in Research and Practice (pp. 269-284). IGI global. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-5225-8900-6.ch016
Yin, J., Lampert, A., Cameron, M., Robinson, B., & Power, R. (2012). Using social media to enhance emergency situation awareness. IEEE Intelligent Systems, 27(6), 52-59. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/MIS.2012.6
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Maria Anwar Khan , Aftab Hussain , Misbah Batool
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) License: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial 4.0 International License (https://www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits non-Commercial use, reproduction
and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the Journal website at (https://iprpk.com/ojs/index.php/jpap)