Translation and Validation of the Drug Abuse Screening Test DAST-20


  • Wizra Saeed Senior Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Bahria University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
  • Mohammad Abass Bhat Assistant Professor, University of Technology & Applied Sciences, Muscat, Oman.
  • Rabia Shakir MPhil Scholar, Department of Psychology, Riphah International University, Faisalabad, Pakistan.



DAST Urdu, Drug Abuse Screening Test, Drug Abuse Test


The Drug Abuse Screening Test-20 was translated and established validation properties to make it a sound assessment tool. A cross-sectional study with a descriptive design was planned which involved survey methods conducted at Riphah International University, Faisalabad. Four experts from the psychology field and literature were approached for the forward and backward translation process. The responses on original and translated versions were collected from adults aged between 19 to 60 years from public and private drug abuse treatment units in Faisalabad through a convenient sampling approach. The reliability and validity features of the scale were assessed using confirmatory factor analysis. SPSS 23 and AMOS 23 software were used for statistical analyses. The Urdu DAST was shown to have a highly substantial positive association between each item and the item-total correlation, making it an internally consistent measure of drug abuse. Internal consistency reliability was also found significant. Moreover, results from confirmatory factor analysis revealed good and acceptable model fit and retained one-factor structure similar to the original version. The findings held high-reliability coefficients for forward and backward translation of the scale and maintained the universality of the DAST Urdu version. Scholars, psychologists, family consultants, and mental health and sociological professionals who desire to examine the emotive, perceptual, and behavioral components of DAST in the Pakistani population will find the DAST Urdu version useful.


Ahmed, B., Yousaf, F. N., Saud, M., & Ahmad, A. (2020). Youth at risk: The alarming issue of drug addiction in academic institutions in Pakistan. Children and Youth Services Review, 118, 105385. 10.1016/j.childyouth.2020.105385 DOI:

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.). DOI:

Byrne, B. M. (2001). Structural Equation Modeling With AMOS, EQS, and LISREL: Comparative Approaches to Testing for the Factorial Validity of a Measuring Instrument. International Journal of Testing, 1(1), 55–86. DOI:

Comrey, A.L., & Lee, H.B. (1992). A First Course in Factor Analysis (2nd ed.). Psychology Press. DOI:

Ferrer, E., Marks, R., Midlarsky, E., & Hutz-Midgett, A. (2015). Substance abuse and pain in a cohort of college students. Religion, 124, 50-56. DOI:

Gabbay, J., & Le May, A. (2010). Practice-based Evidence for Healthcare: Clinical Mindlines. Routledge. DOI:

Ghazal, P. (2019). Rising trend of substance abuse in Pakistan: a study of sociodemographic profiles of patients admitted to rehabilitation centres. Public Health, 167, 34-37. DOI:

Goodstadt, M. S., Cook, G., & Gruson, V. (1978). The validity of reported drug use: The randomized response technique. International Journal of the Addictions, 13(3), 359-367. DOI:

Hochhauser, M. (1979). Bias in drug abuse survey research. International Journal of the Addictions, 14(5), 675-687. DOI:

Nemati, F., Shahmoradi, S., & Rahimi, F. S. (2020). Investigating the factors affecting drug abuse and addiction with a grounded theoretical approach. Scientific Quarterly Research on Addiction, 14(57), 11-34. DOI:

Single, E., Kandel, D., & Johnson, B. D. (1975). The reliability and validity of drug use responses in a large scale longitudinal survey. Journal of Drug Issues, 5(4), 426-443. DOI:

Skinner, H. A. (1982). The drug abuse screening test. Addictive Behaviors, 7(4), 363-371. DOI:

Smart, R. G., & Blair, N. L. (1978). Test-retest reliability and validity information for a high school drug use questionnaire. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 3(4), 265-271. DOI:

Stanton, M. D. (1977). The addict as savior: Heroin, death, and the family. Family Process, 16(2), 191-197. DOI:




How to Cite

Saeed, W. ., Bhat , M. A., & Shakir, R. . (2022). Translation and Validation of the Drug Abuse Screening Test DAST-20. Journal of Professional & Applied Psychology, 3(3), 381–388.